Who was howard carter and what did he do
A Look Inside Howard Carter’s Tutankhamun Diary
Howard Carter was only 17 years old when he first went to Egypt in His father was quite successful as a portrait painter in England. Howard had a great deal of artistic talent, but he did not want to become a portrait painter like his father. He wanted adventure. Howard Brush Dean III (born November 17, ) is an American physician, author, lobbyist, and retired politician who served as Governor of Vermont from to and Chair of the Democratic National Committee (DNC) from to Dean was a candidate for the Democratic nomination in the presidential likedatingall.com implementation of the fifty-state strategy as head of the DNC is.
On 26 November Howard Carter stood before a sealed door blocking a dark corridor. Behind him stood his patron Lord Carnarvon. Both men knew that they were standing in the tomb of the 18th-Dynasty boy king Tutankhamun — the sealing on the now dismantled outer door had made that clear. But the outer door had also shown the unmistakable signs of more than one forced entry.
Was Tutankhamun still lying undisturbed in his tomb? Or had the ancient robbers once again thwarted the modern archaeologists?
Nervously, his hands trembling, Carter forced a small hole in the left hand corner of the doorway, lit a candle, and peered inside. The next day the doorway was unblocked and an electric light installed. Carter and Carnarvon found themselves standing in the antechamber, an untidy room packed with everything that an Egyptian king could possibly need for an enjoyable afterlife.
Here, blocked, plastered, sealed and guarded by two large statues of Tutankhamun, was the doorway to the burial chamber. Carter and Carnarvon knew that the anteroom must be emptied before the wall could be dismantled, but that would take many weeks of hard work. To their delight they found that the burial chamber was almost completely filled by a golden shrine, its seals still intact. Swearing each other to secrecy they crawled back and sealed the hole.
The burial chamber would be officially opened on 17 February in the presence of an invited audience of Egyptologists and government officials. The public was fascinated by the activities in the Valley of the Kings.
Those who could travel to Egypt did, though there was little for them to see. Those who could not visit in person relied upon the newspapers that carried almost daily reports from the Valley. Soon the small, sleepy town of Luxor was swamped with visitors and the expedition found itself living in near siege conditions.
As a means of recovering some of the money that he how to make sugar frosting spent looking for Tutankhamun, Carnarvon decided to sign an exclusive deal with The Times. This incensed the reporters from the other newspapers, and did nothing to stop their demands for information.
Denied official what to do on christmas day in vancouver to the tomb, they now printed sensational gossip what percentage of breast cancer patients survive place of facts. In late February the excavation was closed to allow the exhausted excavators a brief holiday. During this trip Carnarvon was bitten on the cheek by a mosquito.
Then, soon after his return to Luxor, he accidentally sliced the scab off the bite while shaving. He soon started to feel unwell. With his condition worsening he travelled to Cairo for expert medical attention.
But it was too late. Blood poisoning set in and pneumonia followed. A younger, fitter man may have been able to throw off the infection, but the year-old Carnarvon was still suffering the effects of a severe motor accident in that had left him weak and vulnerable to chest infections.
He died on 5 April Here was a dramatic Tutankhamun story that everyone could report. News of the death travelled fast, stimulating intense debate. Would Carter be happy if someone attempted to dig up the recently deceased Queen Victoria, asked one indignant Times correspondent? For some observers this was far more than a question of ethics. They believed that the excavation had put the lives of the archaeologists at risk. Anyone with a taste for popular fiction understood just how dangerous the ancient Egyptians could be.
Britain, inwas a land looking for comfort. The old religious certainties, already weakened by the scientific advances of the Victorian age, had been further eroded by the horrors of the First World War.
False reports started to emerge from the tomb. Carter himself had little patience with the curse theorists. How could the long-dead Tutankhamun have killed anyone?
The idea that his burial might have been booby trapped with poison was a popular one. It is theoretically possible that the sealed chamber could have housed a cocktail of microscopic spores and, indeed, a black fungus was found growing inside the tomb. However the Egyptian scientists simply did not have the knowledge necessary to set such a sophisticated trap.
Could Carnarvon have been killed accidentally? Maybe he had been infected by poisonous bat-droppings? Or had been poisoned by a mosquito which had drunk embalming fluids? It was left to the more practically minded to point out that the sealed tomb could not have housed a bat colony, while the lack of water in the Valley of the Kings meant that there how to charge a electric car no mosquitoes.
This injection of common sense did little to halt speculation. In Egyptologist Herbert Winlock attempted to disprove the curse theory by studying the statistics. He found that only six of the 26 people present at the opening of the tomb had died within a decade. Time was to prove that, of those who had first visited the burial chamber, only Carnarvon had died suddenly at the relatively young age of Howard Carter died aged 64, some 16 years after Carnarvon, while Lady Evelyn, who had been present on the first, clandestine, visit to the burial chamber, did not die until To set these figures into context, life expectancy at birth for men born in was 47 years, while those who lived to the age of 65 might be expected to reach the age of Howard Carter was a gifted artist who became an Egyptologist by accident.
Born on 9 Maythe youngest of the seven surviving children of the animal painter Samuel Carter and his wife Martha, he was raised in the Norfolk village of Swaffham, where he came under the patronage of the Amhersts of Didlington Hall. William Amherst Tyssen-Amherst was a keen amateur Egyptologist with a private museum. It was on his recommendation that the Egypt Exploration Fund employed the 17 year-old Carter as a draughtsman.
Then, inhe was offered a permanent position with the Egyptian Antiquities Service. He spent five productive years in Luxor as antiquities inspector for Southern Egypt before moving to Cairo to become inspector for Northern Egypt.
Here his career received an unexpected check. An argument with a group of drunken Frenchmen led to his resignation from the antiquities service, and in October he started a new life as an artist and antiquities dealer.
Carter lived a hand to mouth existence until he was introduced to Lord Carnarvon, a wealthy amateur Egyptologist in need of a professional partner. Together in they determined to discover the tomb of Tutankhamun. Carter was prepared to strip the Valley of the Kings down to the bedrock if necessary. Carnarvon, who was funding the mission, was at first equally enthusiastic, but by was having second thoughts. The partners agreed that the —3 season of excavation would be the last.
Digging started on 1 November He was to spend the next decade recording and preserving the tomb and its contents. When the tomb was finally empty, the publication of the results became his top priority. But his health was starting to fail and the publication was never completed. Howard Carter died in London on 2 March No explanation could be found for this unexpected power failure although anyone who has visited the Egyptian capital will confirm that power cuts are by no who was howard carter and what did he do rare events.
Susie had been left behind in England. In later versions of the anecdote Susie actually died. However, it has proved impossible to trace this story to its source. One violent death attributed to Tutankhamun was that of Professor HG Evelyn-White, classicist and archaeologist at Leeds University, who committed suicide in a how to write agendas for meetings in After hearing the sad news his father, Lord Westbury, an amateur Egyptologist, threw himself out of a seventh-story window.
Many people believe that the British Museum owns a cursed coffin lid that has been blamed for a variety of disasters including the sinking of the Titanic. The lid, known to believers as the coffin of the magical priestess of Amen-Re, is an ordinary 21st-Dynasty coffin lid belonging to an unnamed lady. Tutankhamun is the only New Kingdom c — BC monarch to have been discovered undisturbed in his own sarcophagus.
His tomb was robbed at least twice in antiquity and Carter estimated that thieves stole more than half of his jewellery. Nevertheless, his burial has provided Egyptologists with the most substantial and diverse collection of royal artefacts ever recovered.
They offer a rare opportunity to understand aspects of New Kingdom life, including crafts and technologies, art styles, clothing and foods, religion and funerary beliefs. If there is one disappointment, it is the almost complete lack of non-ritual written material in the tomb.
His personal how to read harmonica music remains a mystery and we cannot name his parents with any degree of certainty. Carter, watched by assistant Arthur Callender and an Egyptian foreman, opens the golden shrines surrounding the sarcophagus.
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Guidebook to the Ancient Egyptian afterlife. Reporting the discovery, 13 January Illustrated London News. Read more: 11 shocking moments in history Love, sex and marriage in ancient Egypt.
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Howard Robard Hughes Jr. (December 24, – April 5, ) was an American business magnate, investor, record-setting pilot, engineer, film director, and philanthropist, known during his lifetime as one of the most financially successful individuals in the likedatingall.com first became prominent as a film producer, and then as an influential figure in the aviation industry. May 09, · Howard Carter: the accidental egyptologist. Howard Carter was a gifted artist who became an Egyptologist by accident. Born on 9 May , the youngest of the seven surviving children of the animal painter Samuel Carter and his wife Martha, he was raised in the Norfolk village of Swaffham, where he came under the patronage of the Amhersts of. He also played for the San Francisco 49ers from to In , he became the first NFL player to rush for more than 2, yards in a season. He holds the record for the single season yards-per-game average, which stands at He was the only player to ever rush for over 2, yards in the game regular season NFL format.
Donald Trump , the former president of the United States , has a history of speech and actions that have been widely viewed by scholars and the public as racist or white supremacist. Journalists, friends, family, and former employees have accused him of fueling racism in the United States.
Trump has repeatedly denied accusations of racism,   and some people he has worked with claim that he is not racist. In , Trump and his company Trump Management were sued by the Department of Justice for housing discrimination against African-American renters; he settled the suit, entering into a consent decree to end the practices without admitting wrongdoing.
From to , Trump was a leading proponent of the debunked birther conspiracy theory claiming president Barack Obama was not born in the United States. Trump launched his presidential campaign with a speech in which he spoke about with an extremist view of Mexican immigrants: "They're bringing drugs. They're bringing crime. They're rapists. And some, I assume, are good people. Curiel , who was born in Indiana , should be disqualified from deciding cases against him because "this judge is of Mexican heritage".
Trump made comments following a white supremacist rally in Charlottesville, Virginia , that were seen by critics as implying moral equivalence between the white supremacist marchers and those who protested against them as "very fine people". Then come back and show us how it is done.
Trump's controversial statements have been condemned by many observers around the world,    but excused by some of his supporters as a rejection of political correctness   and by others because they harbor similar racial beliefs.
In , the U. Department of Justice sued Trump Management , Donald Trump and his father Fred , for discrimination against African Americans in their renting practices. Testers from the New York City Human Rights Division had found that prospective black renters at Trump buildings were told there were no apartments available, while prospective White renters were offered apartments at the same buildings.
Three doormen testified to being told to discourage prospective Black renters by lying about the rental prices or claiming no vacancies were available. Elyse Goldweber, the Justice Department lawyer tasked with taking Trump's deposition, has stated that during a coffee break Trump said to her directly, "You know, you don't want to live with them either. The Trump Organization was sued again in for violating terms of the settlement by continuing to refuse to rent to black tenants; Trump and his lawyer Roy Cohn denied the charges.
On the night of the attack, five juvenile males—four African Americans and one of Hispanic descent—were apprehended in connection with a number of attacks in Central Park committed by around 30 teenage perpetrators. The prosecution ignored evidence suggesting there was a single perpetrator whose DNA did not match any of the suspects, instead using confessions that the suspects said were coerced and false.
The attacks were highly publicized in the media. On May 1, , Trump called for the return of the death penalty by taking out a full-page advertisement in all four of the city's major newspapers.
He said he wanted the "criminals of every age" who were accused of beating and raping a jogger in Central Park "to be afraid. In , an imprisoned serial rapist confessed to the jogger's rape, which was confirmed by DNA evidence ,  and the convictions of the five men were vacated.
They sued New York City in for malicious prosecution , racial discrimination, and emotional distress. Lawyers for the five defendants said that Trump's advertisement had inflamed public opinion. In June of that year, Trump called the settlement "a disgrace" and said that the group's guilt was still likely: "Settling doesn't mean innocence.
In October , when Trump campaigned to be president , he said that Central Park Five were guilty and that their convictions should never have been vacated,  attracting criticism from the Central Park Five themselves  and others. Republican senator John McCain retracted his endorsement of Trump, citing in part "outrageous statements about the innocent men in the Central Park Five case.
They admitted their guilt. If you look at Linda Fairstein and if you look at some of the prosecutors, they think that the city should never have settled that case. So we'll leave it at that. In a interview with Bryant Gumbel , Trump stated: "A well-educated black has a tremendous advantage over a well-educated white in terms of the job market. In his book Trumped! John O'Donnell quoted Trump as allegedly saying:. I've got black accountants at Trump Castle and at Trump Plaza.
Black guys counting my money! I hate it. The only kind of people I want counting my money are short guys wearing yarmulkes Those are the only kind of people I want counting my money.
Nobody else Besides that, I've got to tell you something else. I think that the guy's lazy. And it's probably not his fault because laziness is a trait in blacks. Trump told Playboy magazine in an interview published in , "The stuff O'Donnell wrote about me is probably true. Trump has made comments on white supremacist David Duke. In , when Trump was asked about Duke receiving a majority of white votes in the Louisiana gubernatorial election Duke however lost the overall vote , Trump reacted: "I hate seeing what it represents, but I guess it just shows there's a lot of hostility in this country People are angry about the jobs.
In , Trump refused the Reform Party's nomination of him for president, because of other people who had joined the party: "a Klansman—Mr. Duke, a Neo-Nazi— Mr. Buchanan , and a Communist— Ms. In , as a presidential candidate, Trump was asked about Duke's "quasi-endorsement" of him, to which Trump replied: "I certainly wouldn't want his endorsement".
During the same interview, Trump was asked if he would "repudiate" Duke, Trump said: "I would do that, if it made you feel better. I don't know anything about him. On February 25, , Duke said that he did "support" a vote for Trump.
On February 26, Trump said that he "didn't even know" Duke endorsed him: "I disavow, okay? Trump responded: "I know nothing about David Duke. I know nothing about white supremacists. You wouldn't want me to condemn a group that I know nothing about I would disavow if I thought there was something wrong. So, give me a list of the groups, and I will let you know I don't know any—honestly, I don't know David Duke.
On February 29, , Trump blamed his answers on Duke the previous day on "a very bad earpiece". He declared: "I don't mind disavowing anybody and I disavowed David Duke I have no problem disavowing groups, but I'd at least like to know who they are. It would be very unfair to disavow a group if the group shouldn't be disavowed.
During the early s, competition from an expanding Native American casino industry threatened his Atlantic City investments. During this period Trump stated that "nobody likes Indians as much as Donald Trump" but then claimed without evidence that the mob had infiltrated Native American casinos, that there was no way "Indians" or an "Indian chief" could stand up to the mob, implied that the casinos were not in fact owned by Native Americans based on the owners' appearance, and depicted Native Americans as greedy.
In April , Trump appeared on Howard Stern 's radio show, where Trump proposed that the fourth season of the television show The Apprentice would feature an exclusively white team of blondes competing against a team of only African-Americans. Stern asked Trump if that would start a "racial war", to which Trump replied: "it would be handled very beautifully by me I'm very diplomatic. The actual fourth season of The Apprentice concluded with Trump asking the male African-American winner of the season, Randal Pinkett, to share the honor with the runner-up, a white woman.
Pinkett said this was "racist". Trump has also been accused of using racial slurs during filming of The Apprentice.
Former Apprentice contestant and former Trump administration communications director Omarosa Manigault Newman claims that Trump used "the N-word and others. In , Trump revived the already discredited Barack Obama citizenship conspiracy theories that had been in circulation since Obama's presidential campaign,   and, for the following five years, he played a leading role in the so-called "birther movement".
In fact, I'll take it even further: The people who went to school with him, they never saw him. They don't know who he is. It's crazy. Curiel who oversaw those two cases, alleging bias in his rulings because he is "a Mexican judge.
Claiming a person can't do the job because of their race is sort of like the textbook definition of a racist comment. I think that should be absolutely disavowed. It's absolutely unacceptable. On August 19, , two white men who later pled guilty to the attack  assaulted a man who was sleeping outside a subway station in Boston. Police detained the assailants, and one of them confessed his motivation for the attack: "Donald Trump was right, all these illegals need to be deported. It would be a shame I will say that people who are following me are very passionate.
They love this country and they want this country to be great again. In an interview with George Stephanopoulos , Trump doubled-down on the assertion, insisting that "there were people that were cheering on the other side of New Jersey, where you have large Arab populations". In August Trump campaigned in Maine, which has a large immigrant Somali population.
At a rally he said, "We've just seen many, many crimes getting worse all the time, and as Maine knows—a major destination for Somali refugees—right, am I right? In Lewiston , home to the largest population of Maine Somalis, the police chief said Somalis have integrated into the city and they have not caused an increase in crime; crime is actually going down, not up. The mayor said Lewiston is safe and they all get along.
At a Somali support rally following Trump's comments the Portland mayor welcomed the city's Somali residents, saying, "We need you here. Trump's statements disparaging immigrants who have come to this country legally are particularly unhelpful. Maine has benefited from people from Europe, the Middle East, Asia, and, increasingly, Africa—including our friends from Somalia.
Prior to and during the campaign, Trump used his political platform to spread disparaging messages against various racial groups.
Trump claimed, "the overwhelming amount of violent crime in our cities is committed by blacks and Hispanics,"  that "there's killings on an hourly basis virtually in places like Baltimore and Chicago and many other places,"  that "There are places in America that are among the most dangerous in the world.
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