What kind of human resources does china have
China’s Global Threat to Human Rights
complement of human assets available to low-income nations. mai n argument An unusually rich complement of human resources accumulated prior to has played a central role in powering China’s continuing economic boom. This legacy of human capital is particularly apparent in the initial stage of China’s. Few governments have the capacity to deploy the human resources that China has devoted to Xinjiang, but the technology is becoming off-the-shelf, attractive to governments with weak privacy.
It is the largest of all Asian countries and has the largest population what is a green party candidate any country in the world.
Occupying nearly the entire East Asian landmass, it covers approximately one-fourteenth of the land area of Earth. Among the major countries of the world, China is surpassed in area by only Russia and Canadaand it is almost as large as the whole of Europe. China has 33 administrative units directly under the central government; these consist of 22 provinces5 autonomous regions, 4 municipalities ChongqingBeijingShanghaiand Tianjinand 2 special administrative regions Hong Kong and Macau.
The island province of Taiwanwhich has been under separate administration sinceis discussed in the article Taiwan. Shanghai is the main industrial city; Hong Kong is the leading commercial centre and port. Its topography encompasses the highest and one of the lowest places on Earth, and its relief varies from nearly impenetrable mountainous terrain to vast coastal lowlands. Its climate ranges from extremely dry, desertlike conditions in the northwest to tropical monsoon in the southeast, and China has the greatest contrast in temperature between its northern and southern borders of any country in the world.
Probably the single most identifiable characteristic of China to the people of the doss of the world is the size of its population. Some one-fifth of humanity is of Chinese nationality.
The great majority of the population is Chinese Hanand thus China is often characterized as an ethnically homogeneous country, but few countries have as wide a variety of indigenous peoples as does China. Even among the Han there are cultural and linguistic differences between regions; for example, the only point of linguistic commonality between two individuals from different parts of China may be the written Chinese language.
With more than 4, years of recorded historyChina is one of the few existing countries that also flourished economically and culturally in the earliest stages of world civilization. Indeed, despite doess political and social upheavals that frequently have chjna the country, China is unique among nations in its longevity and resilience as a discrete politico-cultural unit.
This relative isolation from the outside world made possible over the centuries the flowering and refinement of the Chinese culture, but it also left China ill prepared to cope with that world when, from the midth century, it was confronted by technologically superior foreign nations. There followed a century of decline and decrepitude, as China found itself relatively helpless in the face of a foreign onslaught. The trauma of this external challenge became the catalyst for a revolution that began in the early 20th century against the old regime and culminated in the establishment of a communist government xoes This event reshaped global political geography, and China has since come to rank among the most influential humman in the world.
The what dates are the nfl playoffs 2012 are traceable in their current form to the Tang dynasty — ce. Over the centuries, provinces gained in importance as centres of political and economic authority and increasingly became the focus of regional identification and loyalty. China stretches for about 3, miles 5, km from east to west and 3, miles 5, km from north to south.
Its land frontier is about 12, miles 20, km in length, and its coastline extends for some 8, miles 14, km. Videos Images Audio Interactives. Additional Info. Table Of Contents. While every effort has xhina made to follow citation style rules, there may be some discrepancies. Please refer to the appropriate style manual or other sources if you have any questions. Facebook Twitter. What kind of human resources does china have Feedback External Websites.
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People who searched for human resources jobs in China also searched for generalist, hr coordinator, hr director, training manager, training developer, total rewards specialist, vice president hr, vice president of people, training specialist, vice president talent management. If you're getting few results, try a more general search term. Apr 20, · China, country of East Asia that is the largest of all Asian countries and has the largest population of any country in the world. Occupying nearly the entire East Asian landmass, it covers approximately one-fourteenth of the land area of Earth. Learn more about China. China has physicians per people and this is actually a slight decline based on past result. The United States does not fare that much better at but for a growing and aging Country like China, the healthcare system needs to be improved quickly.
Possessing a viable healthcare system is essential for the social and financial wellbeing of a country. The Chinese healthcare system has changed dramatically since and the rise of the Communist Party of China. The Health and Family Planning Commission aims to have universal health care by While coverage is broad, its depth has been questioned recently.
In , China spent 5. The Chinese healthcare system is organized into three tiers of increasing intensity of care. With primary care facilities in villages or towns as the first tier, county hospitals as the second tier, and tertiary hospitals, usually located in major cities.
As a patients visit facilities on higher tiers, their copayments often increase by orders of magnitude for each tier Bumenthal et al. This can lead patients to fail to seek out necessary treatment. The majority of Chinese hospital profits come from prescriptions, which are often not covered by the general government provided health insurance. Pilot programs, including 3, public county hospitals and public city hospitals, were put in place in to try to eliminate markups of prescription drugs The Commonwealth Fund.
For perspective, as of there were 24, total hospitals and , primary care facilities in China. Thus, eliminating the profit maximizing behaviors of drug companies and healthcare providers, potentially harming patient quality of care, still has a long way to go. Recently, quality of care in China has been under fire following an HIV outbreak in Hangzhou hospital on January 26th, The Wall Street Journal reports the outbreak was caused by a technical violating protocol and reusing a needle that had come into contact with a patient positive for HIV.
Interestingly, this story was scrubbed from Chinese news stations, suggesting a lack of transparency in the Chinese public health system.
This is alarming, especially considering the consequences of the delayed public announcement resulting in the SARs outbreak in In conclusion, China continues to develop its healthcare and public health system to meet the needs of its massive population.
Comprehensive coverage and quality care still remain issues, but China has come a long way in the past 20 years and continues to implement new policies and programs to provide the best healthcare for its citizens.
The case of a country, especially one as large as China, transitioning from universal healthcare to near zero healthcare coverage, and now back to approaching universal coverage again, is a fascinating one. It is no surprise to see China covering up potential scandals such as the aforementioned HIV outbreak, nor is it surprising to see that the government has a heavy hand in pricing of medication and profit models for private hospitals.
It appears as though China is pursuing somewhat of a public-private hybrid model similar to what we have in the US, only with a stronger emphasis on universal coverage. Stronger rhetoric about universal coverage, but the reality is otherwise.
You saw in Hessler what that meant in practice. It is interesting to read about the Chinese healthcare system and simultaneously compare it to that of the US. One story line in the class so far is that in many developmental areas, China is where the US was many many years ago. It seems like healthcare is the same way. I think that you are on the right track in assuming that they will implement something similar to the ACA.
China so far has not moved in that direction. Even if you have an urban hukou, medicines as per the post may make healthcare inaccessible.
And the incentive to overprescribe medicines can make healthcare positively unhealthy. As in the US, where patients are wont to see multiple doctors and end up with lots of prescriptions that individually may be OK, but taken altogether are not.
As we went over in class, the Chinese population is starting to age. While not nearly as extreme example as the Japanese population, millions of Chinese will soon reach an age where they will be taxing the healthcare system to new limits. In the United States we are beginning to see this with the baby boomer generation. It will be interesting to see what serious modifications will have to be made to keep the system going and serve these aging individuals. Will China also be an innovator in the field of healthcare, pioneering new knee replacements, cancer treatments, and drugs that promote a better quality of life, or will the system be unable to meet the needs of the population and crumble under pressure reducing the overall quality of life in China.
Because fertility fell faster in China, aging will occur faster in China than in Japan. Later, yes, but the transition to an aged society will be very quick. I went to the Emergency Room in Beijing for an anxiety attack.
I went in at 1am in the morning with my Chinese teacher since I could not communicate in Chinese well enough to see the doctor and came out at around 6am. Patients with severe problems were in beds crammed into the room.
Extra beds were made ready outside, several of which were occupied. Only one doctor was there to take care of the situation.
No one would see me unless I went to the cashier and told her what I needed in this case a blood test and heart mapping. Once the samples were given, we had to go to different windows to find and pick up the results, deliver the results to another lab and then wait longer for the results to appear. We also needed an xray so, again, I paid for the xray, we had to find the xray room, someone took my xray and then we printed the xrays out on machines. After this experience, I have become extremely concerned about the healthcare system.
If you do not have the money, the doctor simply has too many patients who can pay to actually see you. China has 1. The United States does not fare that much better at 2. Very useful information, exactly in accord with what Hessler experienced or more specifically, Wei Jia. Urbanization has swamped all attempts to improved the system. This is a very informative article which the topic I know really little about. Also based on their tier models for healthcare intensity coverage, does that mean that China has an overall better healthcare system?
Does it mean direct government investment in private hospitals? Full public healthcare? Pharmaceuticals are also via license, so again a different set of players in China than in the US. I agree with above comments that the current healthcare situation in China bears some resemblance to early healthcare issues in the US.
This obviously strikes a cord with our class as the US has constantly grappled with how to handle healthcare. With the ACA under fire from the new administration, the future of health care in the two largest world economies is dubious. On top of quality, which you talk about a lot, Ryan, is the issue of access. There may be several high-quality facilities throughout China, but if they are located in population-dense areas, they will not help families in rural areas.
Likewise, the quality of providers in rural areas is likely pretty poor. Establishing more consistent, quality healthcare will likely be a goal moving forward.
If China truly wants to achieve universal health care, should the government not back the efforts fully? The cost of healthcare in the US is twice as high as everywhere else in the world. Some scholars have gone so far as to criticize the capitalist model of the US healthcare, even in the ACA era: people are being kept alive that should not be.
If you have wealth in the US, you will be willing to spend it on yourself and your loved ones. Others are not so fortunate. Although China has distanced itself from its Communist past since Reform and Opening Up, its healthcare system needs to be fully public for it to reach a universal level.
Lots of interesting questions of political economy and fiscal structure. A national system requires a revenue source and requires choices about who gets what sort of access. Should critically ill year-olds be admitted to intensive care or sent to hospice? Who sets prices for pharmaceuticals? Right now provision is local, tied to hukou. How should that gap be bridged? The second paragraph appears to mention that most of the Chinese population live in rural areas.
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