What is type 1 diabetes for kids

what is type 1 diabetes for kids

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus in Children

The two major types of diabetes are type 1 and type 2. In type 1 diabetes (which used to be called insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes), the pancreas can't make insulin. The body can still get glucose from food but the glucose can't get into the cells where it's needed. There are several blood tests for type 1 diabetes in children: Random blood sugar test. This is the primary screening test for type 1 diabetes. A blood sample is taken at a random time. A blood sugar level of milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL), or millimoles per liter (mmol/L), or higher suggests diabetes. Glycated hemoglobin (A1C) test.

This material must not be used for commercial purposes, or in any hospital or medical facility. Failure to comply may result in legal action. Medically reviewed by Drugs. Last updated on March 4, Type 1 diabetes diabeets a disease that affects how your child's body makes insulin and uses glucose sugar.

Normally, when the blood sugar level increases, the pancreas makes more insulin. Insulin helps move sugar out of the blood so it can be used for energy. Type 1 diabetes develops because the immune system destroys cells in the pancreas that how to grow cantaloupe from fresh seeds insulin.

The pancreas cannot make enough insulin, so the blood sugar level continues to rise. A family history of type 1 diabetes may increase your child's risk for diabetes. Type 1 diabetes cannot be cured, but it can be managed. The goal is to teach you and your child how to manage his or her diabetes. Management can prevent your child from having complications of diabetes. Diabetes education will start right away and continue through your child's life. Members of your child's team will teach you and your child the following:.

You will need to check your child's blood sugar level at least typ times each day. Ask your child's care team when and how often to check during the day. You may need to check for ketones in your child's urine or blood if his or her level is higher than directed.

Write down the results and show them to your child's care team provider. The provider may use the results to make changes to your child's medicine, food, or activity schedules. If the level is too low, have your child eat or drink 15 grams of fast-acting carbohydrate. These are found naturally in fruits and dairy products.

Fast-acting carbohydrates will raise diabetss child's blood sugar level quickly. Examples of 15 grams of fast-acting carbohydrate include:. A dietitian will help you and your child create a meal plan.

The plan will help keep your child's blood sugar level steady. Do not let your child skip meals. His or her blood sugar level may drop too low if he or she takes insulin and does not eat. Uncontrolled diabetes can damage your diagetes nerves and arteries. Long-term high blood sugar levels can damage his or her eyes and kidneys. Your child may develop thyroid disease.

Diabetes is life-threatening if it is not controlled. Help your child control his or her blood sugar levels to reduce the risk for health problems.

Always consult your healthcare provider to ensure the information displayed on this page applies to your personal circumstances. Type 1 Diabetes in Children Medically reviewed by Drugs. Care Notes 3 related articles. Related News and Articles. Subscribe to our newsletters. FDA Safety Alerts. Daily MedNews. Monthly Newsletter.

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WHAT YOU NEED TO KNOW:

Type 1 diabetes is a condition in which blood glucose levels are abnormally high. It is most frequently caused by an autoimmune disorder in which the body's immune system destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. Children with type 1 diabetes must have daily injections of insulin to keep the blood glucose level within normal ranges.

Maybe a kid you know always eats a snack during a soccer game or goes to the school nurse before lunch to get a shot. If you have a friend or a classmate like this — or this sounds just like you — you're not alone. Thousands of kids all over the world do stuff like this every day because they have type 1 diabetes say: dye-uh-BEE-tees.

What is it? Let's find out. Diabetes is a disease that affects how the body uses glucose say: GLOO-kose , a sugar that is the body's main source of fuel. Your body needs glucose to keep running. Here's how it should work:. The pancreas is a long, flat gland in your belly that helps your body digest food. It also makes insulin. Insulin is kind of like a key that opens the doors to the cells of the body.

It lets the glucose in. Then the glucose can move out of the blood and into the cells. But if someone has diabetes, the body either can't make insulin or the insulin doesn't work in the body like it should. The glucose can't get into the cells normally, so the blood sugar level gets too high.

Lots of sugar in the blood makes people sick if they don't get treatment. In type 1 diabetes which used to be called insulin-dependent diabetes or juvenile diabetes , the pancreas can't make insulin. The body can still get glucose from food but the glucose can't get into the cells where it's needed.

Glucose stays in the blood, which makes the blood sugar level very high and causes health problems. To fix the problem, someone with type 1 diabetes needs to take insulin through regular shots or an insulin pump. Type 2 diabetes is different from type 1 diabetes. In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas still makes insulin, but the insulin doesn't work in the body like it should and blood sugar levels get too high.

No one knows for sure what causes type 1 diabetes, but scientists think it has something to do with genes. Genes are like instructions for how the body should look and work that are passed on by parents to their kids. But just getting the genes for diabetes isn't usually enough. Something else has to happen — like getting a viral infection — for a person to develop type 1 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes can't be prevented. Doctors can't even tell who will get it and who won't. Getting treatment for diabetes can stop these symptoms from happening. A doctor can do tests on a kid's blood to find out if he or she has diabetes. If your doctor thinks you might have type 1 diabetes, he or she might have you visit a doctor called a pediatric endocrinologist say: pee-dee-AHT-trik en-doh-krih-NAHL-eh-jist , a type of doctor who helps kids with diabetes, growth problems, and more.

Kids who have type 1 diabetes have to pay a little more attention to what they're eating and doing than kids without diabetes. They need to:.

Kids with diabetes will have to do special things sometimes, like eat a snack on the bus during a long school trip. Or they might have to wake up earlier than everyone else at a sleepover to take their insulin and have some breakfast to keep their blood sugar levels under control.

Although this might seem like a lot of work, the good news is that new products and equipment can help make it easier for kids to take care of their diabetes.

Scientists are looking for ways to make it easier to check blood sugar levels and give insulin. They're also trying to find ways to get insulin into the body without shots.

And there's hope that one day a cure will be found. Even though kids with diabetes have to do some special things, it doesn't keep them from doing the stuff they love.

They can still play sports, go out with their friends, and go on trips. So if you have a friend with diabetes, let him or her know you can deal with it. Being friends is all about having fun together, not having a perfect pancreas! Reviewed by: Shara R. Bialo, MD. Larger text size Large text size Regular text size.



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