What are the three kings names in the bible
List Of Kings In The Bible In Order
Dec 24, · Many Christmas carols make mention of the three kings, who follow a star and come to pay homage to the baby Jesus in Bethlehem. In the Bible, they are not called kings, and their number is . Sep 29, · The Three Wise Men, also known as the Three Kings or the Magi, were Caspar, Melchior and Balthazar. In the Bible, they presented gifts to Jesus soon after his birth. The Three Wise Men all came from lands east of Jerusalem after seeing a special star in the sky that indicated the birth of a special king. When they found Jesus in Bethlehem, the three gifts that they offered were gold, .
They are said to have visited Jesus after his birth, bearing gifts of goldfrankincense and myrrh. They what are the three kings names in the bible regular figures in traditional accounts of the nativity celebrations of Christmas and are an important part of Christian tradition. Matthew is the only one of the four canonical gospels to mention the Magi. Matthew reports that they came "from the east" to worship the "king of the Jews". Still, most western Christian denominations have traditionally assumed them to have been three in number, based on the statement that they brought three gifts.
Traditional nativity scenes depict three "Wise Men" visiting the infant Jesus on the night of his birth, in a manger accompanied by the shepherds and angels, but this should be understood as an artistic convention allowing the two separate scenes of the Adoration of the Shepherds on the birth night and the later Adoration of the Magi to be combined for convenience.
In the time of King Herodafter Jesus was born in Bethlehem of Judeawise men from the East came to Jerusalem, asking, "Where is the child who has been born king of the Jews? For we observed his star at its rising, and have come to pay him homage. They told him, "In Bethlehem of Judea; for so it has been written by the prophet: 'And you, Bethlehem, in the land of Judah, are by no means least among the rulers of Judah; for from you shall come a ruler who is to shepherd my people Israel.
Then he sent them to Bethlehem, saying, "Go and search diligently for the child; and when you have found him, bring me word so that I may also go and pay him homage. When they saw that the star had stopped, they were overwhelmed with joy. On entering the house, they saw the child with Mary his mother; and they knelt down and paid him homage.
Then, opening their treasure chests, they offered him gifts of gold, frankincense, and myrrh. And having been warned in a dream not to return to Herod, they left for their own country by another path. The text specifies no interval between the birth and the visit, and artistic depictions and the closeness of the traditional dates of December 25 and January 6 encourage the popular assumption that the visit took place the same winter as the birth, but later traditions varied, with the visit taken as occurring up to two winters later.
This maximum interval explained Herod's command at Matthew — 18 that the Massacre of the Innocents included boys up to two years old. More recent commentators, not tied to the traditional feast days, may suggest a variety of intervals. The wise men are mentioned twice shortly thereafter in verse 16in reference to their avoidance of Herod after seeing Jesus, and what Herod had learned from their earlier meeting. The star which they followed has traditionally become known as the Star of Bethlehem.
The Magi are popularly referred to as wise men and kings. The term refers to the Persian priestly caste of Zoroastrianism. Their religious practices and use of astrology caused derivatives of the term Magi to be applied to the occult in general and led to the English term magic. The King James Version translates the term as wise men ; the same translation is applied to the wise men led by Daniel of earlier Hebrew Scriptures Daniel The same word is given as sorcerer and sorcery when describing " Elymas the sorcerer" in Acts —11and Simon Magusconsidered a heretic by the early Church, in Acts — Taylor, New Testament.
Although the Magi are commonly how to keep pitted cherries fresh to as "kings", there is nothing in the account from the Gospel of Matthew that implies that they were rulers of any kind.
The identification of the Magi as kings is linked to Old Testament prophecies that describe the Messiah being worshipped by kings in IsaiahPsalmand Psalmwhich reads, "Yea, all kings shall fall down before him: all nations serve him. By AD all commentators adopted the prevalent tradition that the three were kings. He wrote: "But the most ridiculous contrivance of the Papists on this subject is, that those men were kings Beyond all doubt, they have been stupefied by a righteous judgment of God, that all might laugh at [their] gross ignorance.
The New Testament does not give the names of the Magi. However, traditions and legends identify a variety of different names for them. One candidate for the origin of the name Caspar appears in the Acts of Thomas as Gondophares 21 — c. This Gondophares declared independence from the Arsacids to become the first Indo-Parthian king, and he was allegedly visited by Thomas the Apostle.
According to Ernst Herzfeld, his how many nickels do you need to make a dollar is perpetuated in the name of the Afghan city Kandaharwhich he is said to have founded under the name Gundopharron.
Though the empire was tolerant of other religions, its dominant religion was Zoroastrianism, with its priestly magos class. Although Matthew's account does not explicitly cite the motivation for their journey other than seeing the star in the east, which they took to be the star of the King of the Jewsthe Syriac Infancy Gospel provides some clarity by stating explicitly in the third chapter that they were pursuing a prophecy from their prophet, Zoradascht Zoroaster.
Sebastian Brock, a historian of Christianity, has said: "It was no doubt among converts from Zoroastrianism that… certain legends were developed around the Magi of the Gospels". A model for the homage of the Magi might have been provided, it has been suggested, by the journey to Rome of King Tiridates I of Armeniawith his magi, to pay homage to the Emperor Nerowhich took place in AD 66, a few years before the date assigned to the composition of the Gospel of Matthew.
There was a tradition that the Central Asian Naimans and their Christian relatives, the Keraiteswere descended from the biblical Magi. Toghrul became identified with the legendary Central Asian Christian king Prester Johnwhose Mongol descendants were sought as allies against the Muslims by contemporary European monarchs and popes. And know that the power of Christ has been, and is, so great, that the people of that land are Christians; and the whole land of Chata [Khitai, or Kara-Khitai ] believes those Three Kings.
I have myself been in their churches and have seen pictures of Jesus Christ and the Three Kings, one telekinesis how to do it gold, the second frankincense, and the third myrrh. And it is through those Three Kings that they believe in Christ, and that the Chan and his people have now become Christians.
The Magi are described as "falling down", "kneeling" or "bowing" in the worship of Jesus. While prostration is now rarely practised in the West it is still relatively common in the Eastern Churches, especially during Lent. Kneeling has remained an important element of Christian worship to this day. Apart from their names, the three Magi developed distinct characteristics in Christian tradition, so that between them they represented the three ages of adult man, three geographical and cultural areas, and sometimes other things.
In one tradition, reflected in art by the 14th century for example in the Arena Chapel by Giotto in Caspar is old, normally with a white beard, and gives the gold; he is what county is clarksburg west virginia in of Tarsusland of merchants" on the Mediterranean coast of modern Turkey, and is first in line to kneel to Christ. Melchior is middle-aged, giving frankincense from Arabiaand What are the three kings names in the bible is a young man, very often and increasingly black-skinned, with myrrh from Saba modern south Yemen.
Their ages were often given as 60, 40 and 20 respectively, and their geographical origins were rather variable, with Balthazar increasingly coming from Ethiopia or other parts of Africa, and being represented accordingly. The gift of gold is sometimes associated with Melchior as well and in some traditions, Melchior is the old man of the three Magi.
Three gifts are explicitly identified in Matthew: goldfrankincense and myrrh. Many different theories of the meaning and symbolism of the gifts have been brought forward. While gold is fairly obviously explained, frankincense, and particularly myrrh, are more obscure. See the previous section for who gave which. Myrrh was used as an embalming ointment and as a penitential incense in funerals and cremations until the 15th century. The "holy oil" traditionally used by the Eastern Orthodox Church for performing the sacraments of chrismation and unction is traditionally scented with myrrh, and receiving either of these sacraments is commonly referred to as "receiving the myrrh".
The how to get muscled calves of the Magi on the 7th-century Franks Casket shows the third visitor — he who brings myrrh — with a valknut over his back, a pagan symbol referring to Death.
It has been suggested by scholars that the "gifts" were medicinal rather than precious material for tribute. It was these three gifts, it is thought, which were the chief cause for the number of the Magi becoming fixed eventually at three. This episode can be linked to Isaiah 60 and to Psalm 72which report gifts being given by kings, and this has played a central role in the perception of the Magi as kings, rather than as astronomer-priests.
In a hymn of the late 4th-century Hispanic poet Prudentiusthe three gifts have already gained their medieval interpretation as prophetic emblems of Jesus' identity, familiar in the carol " We Three Kings " by John Henry Hopkins, Jr.
John Chrysostom suggested that the gifts were fit to be given not just to a king but to God, and contrasted them with the Jews' traditional offerings of sheep and calves, and accordingly Chrysostom asserts that the Magi worshiped Jesus as God.
What subsequently happened to these gifts is never mentioned in the scripture, but several traditions have developed. Another tale has it being entrusted to and then misappropriated by Judas. One tradition suggests that Joseph and Mary used the gold to finance their travels when they fled Bethlehem after an angel had warned, in a dream, about King Herod's plan to kill Jesus. And another story proposes the theory that the myrrh given to them at Jesus' birth was used to anoint Jesus' body after his crucifixion.
There was a 15th-century golden case purportedly containing the Gift of the Magi housed in the Monastery of St. Paul of Mount Athos. After the Athens earthquake of How to play dayz for free on steam 7,they were temporarily displayed in Athens to strengthen faith and raise money for earthquake victims.
The relics were displayed in Ukraine and Belarus in Christmas ofand thus left Greece for the first time since the 15th century. Two separate traditions have surfaced claiming that they were so moved by their encounter with Jesus that they either became Christians on their own or were quick to convert fully upon later encountering an Apostle of Jesus. The traditions claim that they were so strong in their beliefs that they willingly embraced martyrdom.
One tradition gained popularity in Spain during the 17th century; it was found in a work called the Chronicon of Dexter. The tradition appears in the form of a simple martyrology reading, "In Arabia Felix, in the city of Sessania of the Adrumeti, the martyrdom of the holy kings, the three Magi, Gaspar, Balthassar, and Melchior who adored Christ. Later, this was all brought into question when historians and the Catholic hierarchy in Rome declared the work a pious forgery.
A competing tradition asserts that the biblical Magi "were martyred for the faith, and that their bodies were first venerated at Constantinople ; thence they were transferred to Milan in It is certain that when Frederick I, Holy Roman Emperor Barbarossa imposed his authority on Milanthe relics there were transferred to Cologne Cathedralhoused in the Shrine of the Three Kingsand are venerated there today.
There are several traditions on where the remains of the Magi are located, although none of the traditions is considered as an established fact or even as particularly likely by secular history. Marco Polo claimed that he was shown the three tombs of the Magi at Saveh south of Tehran in the s:.
In Persia is the city of Sabafrom which the Three Magi set out when they went to worship Jesus Christ; and in this city they are buried, in three very large and beautiful monuments, side by side. And above them there is a square building, carefully kept. The bodies are still entire, with the hair and beard remaining.
Paul William Roberts provides some modern-day corroboration of this possibility in his book Journey of the Magi. Reputedly they were first discovered by Saint Helena on her famous pilgrimage to Palestine and the Holy Lands. She took the remains to the church of Hagia Sophia in Constantinople ; they were later moved to Milan some sources say by the city's bishop, Eustorgius I before being sent to their current resting place by the Holy Roman Emperor Frederick I in The Milanese celebrate their part in the tradition by holding a medieval costume parade every 6 January.
A version of the detailed elaboration familiar to us is laid out by the 14th-century cleric John of Hildesheim 's Historia Trium Regum "History of the Three Kings". In accounting for the presence in Cologne of their mummified relics, he begins with the journey of How do i connect to my router to change settingsthe mother of Constantine I to Jerusalem, where she recovered the True Cross and other relics:.
Queen Helen… began to think greatly of the bodies of these three kings, and she arrayed herself, and accompanied by many attendants, went into the Land of Ind… after she had found the bodies of Melchior, Balthazar, and Gaspar, Queen Helen put them into one chest and ornamented it with great riches, and she brought them into Constantinople The visit of the Magi is commemorated in most Western Christian churches by the observance of Epiphany6 January, which also serves as the feast of the three as saints.
The Eastern Orthodox celebrate the visit of the Magi on 25 December. The Quran omits Matthew's episode of the Magi. However, the Persian Muslim encyclopaedist al-Tabariwriting in the 9th century, gives the familiar symbolism of the gifts of the Magi. Al-Tabari gave his source for the information to be the later 7th century Perso-Yemenite writer Wahb ibn Munabbih. Holidays celebrating the arrival of the Magi traditionally recognise a distinction between the date of their arrival and the date of Jesus' birth.
The account given in the Gospel of Matthew does not state that they were present on the night of the birth; in the Gospel of Luke, Joseph and Mary remain in Bethlehem until it is time for Jesus' dedication, in Jerusalem, and then return to their home in Nazareth. Western Christianity celebrates the Magi on the day of EpiphanyJanuary 6, the day immediately following the twelve days of Christmasparticularly in the Spanish-speaking parts of the world.
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Dec 22, · This is how they are often portrayed: Gaspar (or Caspar), who wears a green cloak and a gold crown with green jewels on it. He is the King of Sheba. Gaspar Melchior, who has long white hair and a white beard and wears a gold cloak. He is the King of . These are the names of the sons of Aaron: Nadab the firstborn, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. These are the names of the sons of Aaron, the anointed priests, whom he ordained to serve as priests. But Nadab and Abihu died before the Lord when they offered unauthorized fire before the Lord in the wilderness of Sinai, and they had no children. So Eleazar and Ithamar served as priests in the lifetime . Jan 02, · Every Christmas the Nativity set is unpacked. The shepherds find their place, and the three Wise Men and their camels join them. It’s likely that one of the Wise Men is Asian, one African, and one Caucasian. The best-informed children will tell you that the names of the three kings are Balthasar, Melchior, and Caspar.
Few details are given about these men in the Bible, and most of our ideas about them actually come from tradition or speculation. Scripture does not say how many wise men there were, but it is generally assumed there were three since they brought three gifts: gold, frankincense , and myrrh. The three Kings recognized Jesus Christ as the Messiah while he was still a child, and traveled thousands of miles to worship him. Matthew says only that these visitors came from "the east.
They doggedly followed a star that led them to Jesus. By the time they met Jesus, he was in a house and was a child, not an infant, implying they arrived a year or more after his birth. The gifts of the Three Kings symbolize Christ's identity and mission: gold for a king, incense for God, and myrrh used to anoint the dead. God honored the wise men by warning them in a dream to go home by another route and not to report back to King Herod.
The Three Kings were among the wisest men of their time. Discovering that the Messiah was to be born, they organized an expedition to find him, following a star that led them to Bethlehem.
Despite their culture and religion in a foreign land, they accepted Jesus as their Savior. When we seek God with sincere determination, we will find him. He is not hiding from us but wants to have an intimate relationship with each of us. These wise men paid Jesus the kind of respect only God deserves, bowing before him and worshiping him.
Jesus is not just a great teacher or admirable person as many people say today, but the Son of the Living God. After the Three Kings met Jesus, they did not go back the way they came. When we get to know Jesus Christ, we are changed forever and cannot go back to our old life. Matthew reveals nothing of these visitors' ancestry. Over the centuries, legend has assigned them names: Gaspar, or Casper; Melchior, and Balthasar.
Balthasar has a Persian sound. If indeed these men were scholars from Persia, they would have been familiar with Daniel's prophecy about the Messiah or "Anointed One. The designation "Magi" refers to a Persian religious caste, but when this Gospel was written, the term was loosely used for astrologers, seers, and fortunetellers.
Matthew does not call them kings; that title was used later, in legends. Matthew After Jesus was born in Bethlehem in Judea, during the time of King Herod, Magi from the east came to Jerusalem and asked, "Where is the one who has been born king of the Jews? We saw his star in the east and have come to worship him. Actively scan device characteristics for identification. Use precise geolocation data. Select personalised content. Create a personalised content profile.
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Develop and improve products. List of Partners vendors. Share Flipboard Email. Jack Zavada. Christianity Expert. Jack Zavada is a writer who covers the Bible, theology, and other Christianity topics. Updated October 08, The Three Kings The Magi were both real and symbolic.
As real men, the three kings confirmed ancient prophecies about Jesus being the Messiah, and as symbols, they showed that he came to save all people, rich and poor, learned or unschooled, from anywhere in the world. These wealthy travelers were on the opposite end of the social and economic scale as the shepherds who had visited Jesus right after his birth.
Many characters in Scripture go unnamed. They all point to Jesus Christ, the manifestation of God's love for the human race. The Bible is a book about Jesus. There is a message in the title "Wise Men. Foolish people, like Herod the Great, reject Jesus and even seek to destroy him. Cite this Article Format. Zavada, Jack. Christian Symbols Illustrated Glossary. Chronology of the Birth and Life of Jesus Christ. Who Was the Ethiopian Eunuch in the Bible?
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